In the workplace, everyone has rights. Employee rights are the moral or legal rights that an employee has to have or do something in the workplace to ensure that they are treated fairly. These rights, however, differ based on your employment position, such as whether you are an employee or a worker.
A worker is someone who has signed a contract or agreement to perform work or provide services in exchange for monetary or in-kind recompense.
An employee is someone who has a regular job and has a contract with their employer. Workers are all employees, but not all employees are workers. An employee has all of the rights and responsibilities of a worker, plus certain additional rights and responsibilities.
Employees have a plethora of rights under employment law, many of which they are unaware of. Here is a list of the top ten rights that most people are unaware of.
- You have rights as a job applicant
People are unaware that even if they are not employed, they have employment rights. Even before being hired, a job applicant has certain rights, including the right to be free of discrimination during the employment process based on age, gender, color, national origin, or religion.
During the employment process, for example, a prospective employer cannot ask a job applicant certain family-related inquiries.
- You Should Be Given An Employment Contract
Employers do not usually provide employees with employment contracts.
While it is not required by law, an employee should get a written statement within two months of starting their job that clearly states the basic details as well as the essential terms and conditions of their employment.
Job description, expected hours of work, monthly earnings, paid vacation and sick leave entitlement, details of any applicable pension scheme, minimum notice time, disciplinary process, and grievance procedure are all examples.
- Paystubs must be received, and deductions must be clear.
Employees must receive an itemized payslip that breaks out their pay and any deductions in detail. Employers are not allowed to deduct illegally from their employees’ salaries.
- You should not be treated unfairly.
Employees must not be discriminated against in the workplace, according to point one. Age, handicap, sex, color, sexual orientation, and religious beliefs are all examples of prejudice.
- You Have the Right to Rest Periods and Work Hours That Are Reasonable
Employees are entitled to daily and weekly rest periods under health and safety requirements. If the working day exceeds 6 hours, this includes a daily break interval of at least 20 minutes to eat or hydrate, as well as at least one full day off every seven days.
Employees cannot be made to work more than 48 hours per week on average unless they agree to do so in writing.
- You should be covered by health and safety regulations.
Employers are also required by law to work their employees’ health and safety by providing a clean working environment, first-aid equipment, protective gear, drinking water and washing facilities, and ensuring that all machinery is safe, according to health and safety standards.
- You Have the Right to Annual Leave and Vacation Time
Employees are entitled to a specific number of paid vacation days each year. Employees who work full-time are entitled to 5.6 weeks of paid vacation every year. Part-time employees are entitled to pro-rata pay.
Employees have the right to take unpaid time off to further their education, participate in trade union activities, or care for dependents in an emergency.
- You Have the Right to Take Family Leave
Women are entitled to antenatal care time off and can take up to 52 weeks of statutory maternity leave. Other eligible employees are entitled to 1 to 2 weeks of paternity leave during or near the due date or birth of the child.
When a child is adopted, one of the adoptive parents is entitled to 6 months of paid leave and 6 months of unpaid leave, as well as paternity leave.
If an employee is fired while pregnant or on maternity leave, the notice must be accompanied by a written explanation of the basis for the dismissal.
Employees have the ability to seek flexible working hours after working for an employer for 26 weeks. An employee is only permitted to work one request for flextime per year.
- You could be laid off or given part-time work.
If there is a slump in the industry and an employee is unemployed, an employer may place them on short-term work or lay them off. If an employee is laid off, they will not be paid, but if they are working part-time, they will be paid a portion of their usual salary. In both cases, the employee may be entitled to a payment from the employer known as a “guarantee payment.”
- Fixed-term and part-time employment are acceptable options.
Fixed-term workers in similar professions have the same contractual rights as permanent employees. Part-time workers’ vacation and other rights may, however, be calculated pro-rata.
There is no set amount of hours that distinguishes a part-time employee from a full-time employee. It would differ from one business to the next.